Opioids are the class of drugs that act on opioid receptors in the central nervous system to relieve pain. People using these drugs are prone to get addicted or dependent on them. The abuse of, and addiction to, opioids is a serious, fast-growing and devastating global problem that affects the health, social and economic welfare of the people as well as the nation.
According to a 2014 report by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), between 26.4 million and 36 million people across the globe abuse opiate drugs. These include prescription pain relievers and the illegal drug heroin. With approximately 2.1 million Americans suffering from substance use disorders related to prescription opioid pain relievers in 2012, as per the report, the country is facing a serious epidemic of narcotic drug abuse, which has fatal and destructive consequences.
Effects of opioid abuse during pregnancy
Opioid abuse in pregnancy involves the use of heroin and the misuse of prescription opioid analgesic medications. The use of opioids during pregnancy is often accompanied with an increased risk of adverse consequences to both the pregnant mother and the unborn child. Women addicted to opiates during pregnancy must undergo detox in order to avoid serious health risks to their unborn children. Sudden cessation of opioids in an opioid-dependent pregnant woman can cause premature labor, poor fetal growth, fetal death or a child with birth defects.
The relapse often occurs during the postpartum period leading to the poor development of the child. Therefore, childbearing mothers must seek expert advice to have control on their addictions as quickly as possible to fight the possibilities of serious repercussions.
Methadone-based treatment plan is standard protocol
In order to ascertain a healthy and happy pregnancy, detoxification is a necessary step for expecting mothers who have opioid addiction problems. The opioid-assisted physician-supervised methadone treatment plan is the standard protocol generally prescribed to pregnant women for the opiate detox treatment. Methadone treatment is the safest, healthiest and the most effective treatment which does not pose any threat to either the mother or the baby. This treatment also removes the possibility of withdrawal symptoms and relapse in pregnant women.
Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS), that occurs in a newborn when exposed to opioid drugs while in the mother’s womb, is a very common phenomenon, which results in withdrawal symptoms in the newborn. It is important to assess daily signs of withdrawal in the child afflicted with NAS so that normal health can be restored using proper medications.
Along with methadone treatment, there are other medicines for opiate detox, such as suboxone, but owing to the risk of them harming the fetus, the drugs are not generally recommended for pregnant women. However, maintenance with methadone is the best treatment method, in which mothers are provided a small dose of methadone daily for the duration of the pregnancy. This method ensures a healthy and comfortable birth of the child.
Seeking professional help
Pregnancy is a precious phase of life for women when they want to enjoy each and every moment of their child’s growth in the womb, but those who have addiction problems may have a lot of inhibitions, apprehensions and stress associated with it. Detoxification is the most helpful treatment for the pregnant women to recover easily from the stress, curb addiction and give birth to a healthy child.
If you or a loved one is looking for opiate addiction treatment, the Florida Detox Helpline can assist in finding the best detox centers in Florida. You may call us at our 24/7 helpline number 855-920-9869 or chat online with one of our experts to know about the best Florida detox centers.