Addiction is a chronic mental condition that arises when an individual excessively abuses a substance. Continued use of any substance can lead to severe health issues. Alcohol and drugs are among the most commonly abused substances in the United States. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), approximately 17.3 million Americans (8.6 percent) were addicted to drugs or alcohol in 2013.
Addiction is a disease that leads to an unwanted emotional and physical dependence on the substance of use. It also causes certain chemical changes in the brain functioning. The worst part of an addiction is that it can relapse. Therefore, it is essential to ensure that once it is cured, the individual doesn’t fall for the substance again.
Detoxification, behavioral counseling and medication are some of the proven ways that can help one recover from addiction, re-establish the normal brain functioning and avoid chances of relapse. Detox helps remove the harmful toxins that may have accumulated due to substance use from the body and is a crucial step of a recovery program.
The medications that are used for detox depend on an individual’s addiction to the type of substance of use. Some of them are:
Buprenorphine: This is a partial opioid agonist drug which is used to treat people with opiate dependence. Prescribed by medical practitioners as an independent medication or in combination with naloxone as Suboxone, buprenorphine reduces cravings, minimizes withdrawal symptoms and also diminishes the risk of relapse.
Acamprosate: Highly effective in the treatment of severe alcohol addiction, acamprosate is sold under the brand name Campral. Curbing the long-term withdrawal symptoms, like anxiety, restlessness, insomnia and dysphoria, this medicine works effectively in normalizing the brain activity. It also controls cravings. The best thing about acamprosate is that it doesn’t create dependence.
Naltrexone: This is an effective medication to deter the chances of an individual relapsing for opioids and alcohol. Effects of naltrexone vary from person to person. The extended release injectable form of naltrexone is used for prevention of relapse to opioids and the medicine doesn’t cause any withdrawal symptoms on discontinuing its use.
Methadone: A restricted medication that must be taken under the guidance of a medical practitioner, methadone is a savior for opiate addicts as it decreases craving for drugs. However, the medication’s effects last only from 24 to 36 hours. Methadone works effectively in suppressing the withdrawal symptoms without provoking any euphoric effects.
Antidepressants: Antidepressants help the brain in balancing any sort of chemical imbalances that are caused due to addiction to a drug. These tablets assist addicts in fighting away the feelings of depression and melancholy, which makes them an excellent tool aiding the detox process.
Anti-nausea medications: These medicines can help addicts ditch the side effects that addictive drugs have on their brain, stomach and intestines. They help addicts fight the discomfort caused by withdrawal symptoms and pain and make them feel at ease throughout the detox process.
Road to recovery
Even though detoxification is vital to recovery, we need to understand that it is not a magic wand that can help one instantly recover from the substance abuse or addiction. Addiction impacts an individual both mentally and physically. Medications, if combined with a rehabilitation program, can prove to be a great way to recover from any addiction.
If you or a loved one is in need of a rehabilitation program, contact the Florida Detox Helpline for detailed information on detox centers in Florida. You may call us at our 24/7 helpline number 855-920-9869 or chat online with one of our experts to know about the best Florida detox centers.