Smoking is one of the leading causes of preventable deaths and diseases in the United States that kills about 480,000 Americans each year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Despite knowing the consequences of smoking on one’s health, people dare to take the risk that leads to several long-term health problems. For every smoking-related death, there are about 30 Americans living with a smoking-related illness.
Depending on one’s genetic code, he or she develops the problem of addiction or related conditions. The underlying genetic reason for addiction may be different in different individuals. Although two people of the same age, gender, socioeconomic status and marital status may be facing the common problem of an addiction to alcohol or any other substance, their genetic reason may differ. While a substance may inhibit dopamine release in one person, the same drug may dampen dopamine receptors in the other person.
Pharmacogenetics assists in accelerating the rate of smoking cessation
According to Jed E. Rose, director, Duke Center for Nicotine and Smoking Cessation Research, Durham, there are nicotine replacement therapies, such as gum, patches, lozenges and prescription aids, but there is very little guidance as to which is best and for whom. Different treatments work differently for different smokers, which is the first step toward being able to predict which treatments would be more successful in which type of smokers.
He further highlights that people who were highly dependent on nicotine and had a certain genotype did better on the higher dose patch. Therefore, each patient needs personalized treatment to address his or her varied genetic issues. As such, genetic testing treatment has several benefits. Apart from accurate diagnosis and proper treatment, genetic testing can predict the underlying risks of relapsing to the same disease in later period.
Genetic testing is one of the best ways to achieve increased rates of smoking cessation. It helps in improving the existing interventions for smokers that include both behavioral and pharmacological treatments. Therefore, pharmacogenetics by using genetic testing for identifying the regiment proves effective in assisting a smoker with a particular type of genotype.
While some people take less time to recover from the problem of addiction, others may find it difficult to cope with the same treatment and medications in the given period. According to some of the studies, genetic profile combined with the level of nicotine dependence can help guide treatment decisions and maximize the chances of kicking away the habit.
Diagnosing a genetic illness and defining an appropriate treatment plan is nothing less than a trial and error work for determining whether the treatment works or not. But with the advancement in genetic testing, much of the uncertainty has been replaced with scientific assurance. Genetic testing has now become a way to identify and diagnose the genetic complicacies early and prepare for the treatment.
Though genetics helps in identifying single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that cause conditions, such as cystic fibrosis, sickle cell anemia and Duchenne muscular dystrophy, its impact on smoking cessation treatments has emerged as an area of great interest.
Seek addiction treatment to lead a healthy life
With the advancement in the field of science and health care, several high-quality evidence-based treatment programs have come up. Although one may find it difficult to quit smoking, overcoming the challenging withdrawal symptoms, lending a helping hand and seeking medical intervention may help him or her to get back on track.
Oftentimes, smoking leads to addiction to other stronger substances, like alcohol and drugs. People who are addicted to smoking may start abusing other substances for a higher “kick.” Moreover, people who are addicted to drugs or alcohol are more likely to smoke as well. As a result, it is very important to know the history of an individual while assessing his condition. Treating both substance abuse and smoking simultaneously becomes imperative for a sustainable recovery. To kick the addiction habit, a comprehensive detox program coupled with psychotherapies and a relapse prevention plan is of utmost importance. Detoxification under clinically controlled conditions will also help manage the withdrawal symptoms.
If you or someone you know needs help to recover from addiction, contact the Florida Detox Helpline to get details about the finest detox facilities in Florida. Call us at our 24/7 number 855-920-9869 or chat online with our experts to access more information on the best professionally managed detox centers in Florida.