The world, particularly the United States, has been dangerously flirting with drug addiction for quite long and there seems to be no end to this. Be it heroin, cocaine, marijuana, meth, or any other perilous substances, the addicts are spoilt for choices. To make matters worse, there is the emergence of new drugs of abuse in the market which have caught the fancy of the addicts. These new substances threaten to derail the ongoing crusade against drug addiction. Abuse of these new substances is growing at a menacing pace and seems to be outsmarting the legislation.
“Recognition and treatment of new drugs of abuse pose many challenges for health care providers,” says a 2014 study, titled “New Drugs of Abuse.” The study, published online in December 2014, aimed at describing “the clinical and adverse effects and purported pharmacology of several new classes of drugs of abuse including synthetic cannabinoids, synthetic cathinone, salvia, desomorphine, and Kratom.”
The study mentions that the prime cause leading to this mayhem is the innovation that comes from the street manufacturers of drugs. The moment a drug has been rendered illegal by law enforcement agencies, the manufacturers of illicit drugs develop a new synthetic derivative of the older drugs. The market is then flooded by such spurious drugs making the scene murkier.
Some new drugs
Synthetic Cannabinoids are sold in foil packets camouflaged as incense with a written warning “not for human consumption.” But these substances are inhaled, ingested and injected rampantly by addicts all over. The psychotropic effects of synthetic cannabinoids are similar to that of marijuana.
Kratom, which is a non-prescription herbal medication, is another neo drug which is being heavily abused. Administered for hypertension, diarrhea, and cough, it has managed to create quite a furor in the realm of prescription drug abuse. Though there are reports of Kratom use on the rise, experts feel that the number of exposure to it remains small in the U.S. This makes any investigation difficult.
Desomorphine is another drug which is being widely abused. It is an opioid analog that behaves pharmacologically similarly to heroin. The adverse effects of desomorphine are akin to opioids.
Difficulty in treating and the way forward
Like detection by the authorities, treatment for the abuse of these new drugs is also a challenge. Diagnosis of its abuse is difficult as routine blood and urine tests fail to trace most of these agents. However, the study emphasizes that it could be somewhat handled with a more comprehensive approach. The researchers say that “treatment of these patients should be approached similarly to that of other toxicology cases” and “general management should consist of supportive care combined with a detailed history and physical examination that may be difficult to perform due to altered mental status.”
Speaking on treatment procedures, the researchers say that the impetus should be on getting acquainted with management principles of these new drugs. Extensive studies should be made on withdrawal or addiction, nutrition support, and a potential for transmission of infectious diseases by the clinicians.
If somebody in the family is grappling with substance abuse, call the Florida Detox Helpline today at 855-920-9869 for immediate assistance. The hardest step on the path to sobriety is normally the detox process. Our members can make the process easier for you by offering the right information about various addictions and their best treatments in your vicinity.