A large number of young American women are taking to light smoking, according to a study by the University of Texas. Moreover, as per a report released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 2014, 14.8 percent American adult women smoke.
In spite of being aware of the ill effects of smoking, people continue to smoke. As for women, even one cigarette increases health risks for them, say researches. Some of the consequences of smoking in women are cancer, infertility, heart diseases, stroke, etc. Smoking also heightens the probability and intensity of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), a type of stroke caused by bleeding into the space around the brain, in women.
Effective smoking cessation strategies should be adopted
The potential risk of SAH is higher in women than men. Though the reasons for the same are unknown, a group of researchers recently aimed to study how tobacco smoking among women is responsible for an increased risk of SAH among them. The objective of the study, titled “Sex, Smoking, and Risk for Subarachnoid Hemorrhage,” was to understand the influence of various factors contributing to SAH.
In the study published online in the journal Stroke in July 2016, the scientists observed that SAH is more common among female smokers of the total smoking population and also when compared to those who do not smoke. The research was an attempt to find out any existing link between smoking and SAH in 65,521 people participating in the population-based FINRISK study. A little more than half of the respondents were women aged nearly 45.
The study indicated that smoking among women increased their susceptibility of being affected by the disorder. Stressing on the findings, lead author of the study Dr. Joni Valdemar Lindbohm, a physician in neurosurgery and public health at the University of Helsinki in Finland, said, “Our results suggest that age, sex and lifestyle risk factors play a critical role in predicting which patients are at risk for subarachnoid hemorrhage and emphasize the importance of effective smoking cessation strategies.”
Even light smokers stand risk of SAH
The scientists also found that female light smokers faced 2.95 times higher risk of being affected by SAH as compared to nonsmokers, while men who smoked nearly the same number of cigarettes were 1.93 times at a greater risk. The women who smoked nearly 11 to 20 cigarettes each day were 3.89 times more likely to suffer from SAH as compared to nonsmokers. Women who were heavy smokers had nearly 8.35 times higher chance to suffer from SAH when compared with nonsmokers. However, men in the same category had only 2.76 times higher chance of suffering from the disorder.
The potential risk of SAH diminished to a major extent among those identified as former smokers. The male and female respondents who had quit smoking six months prior to the study faced risks equivalent to nonsmokers. Commenting on the findings, Lindbohm said, “There is no safe level of smoking. Naturally the best option is never to start. Quitting smoking, however, can reduce the risk for subarachnoid hemorrhage in both sexes.”
As per the American Heart Association (AHA), SAH accounts for almost 3 percent of all strokes.
Road to recovery
Tobacco smoking may result in various physical and psychological disorders. One must realize that smoking causes more harm than good. If an individual is addicted to nicotine, he/she must get help of an addiction treatment center. The preliminary step at any center is detoxification, which involves administering a combination of various medications, along with therapies, to flush out the toxins that may have accumulated due to substance abuse or overdose. The process is usually customized to suit the requirements of the patients concerned and are always carried out under medical supervision.
If you or your loved one is grappling with addiction to nicotine or any other substance, contact the Florida Detox Helpline for information on detox centers in Florida. You may call at our 24/7 helpline number (855) 920-9869 or chat online to gain information about various Florida detox centers.